IOM and Sweden
Photo credit: Migrationsverket / Tomislav Stjepic
The IOM Country Office in Finland is in charge of activities and operations in Finland, Sweden and Iceland. In addition IOM Finland provides administrative and management support to the IOM offices in Denmark and Estonia.
In Sweden the activities include Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration for victims of trafficking, Reintegration Grants for voluntary returnees, resettlement of refugees to Sweden and family reunification.
Sweden is also a donor to IOM, with a focus on the sectors of humanitarian aid, governance, democracy human rights, and gender equality.
Reintegration Cash Grants
IOM Finland facilitates payment of reintegration cash grants to voluntary returnees from Sweden in cooperation with the Swedish Migration Agency (SMA).
To be eligible to apply for the reintegration cash grants, the following requirements must be met:
- The returnee’s asylum application has been rejected or the returnee has withdrawn his/her application
- The asylum seeker is returning voluntarily and is planning to reside in the country of return
- The returnee is travelling to Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ivory Coast, Iraq, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Palestine, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria or Yemen
The payments are coordinated by IOM Finland and carried out in local IOM offices in the countries of return.
More information on obtaining the reintegration grant.
Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Programme for Victims of Trafficking and Foreign Citizens in Prostitution in Sweden (AVRRTiPP-SWE)
Since 2012 the AVRRTiPP-SWE programme has provided assistance to migrants who are exposed to trafficking in human beings and/or to prostitution in Sweden. The programme assists both EU nationals and third country nationals.
Until the end of 2017, the programme was funded by the County Administrative Board of Stockholm who had a national mandate to coordinate counter-trafficking activities in Sweden. Since the beginning of 2018 this mandate is held by the newly established Swedish Gender Equality Agency, which nows funds the programme. Potential beneficiaries are identified by Swedish regional anti-trafficking coordinators in cooperation with IOM Finland.Swedish Gender Equality Agency, which nows funds the programme. Potential beneficiaries are identified by Swedish regional anti-trafficking coordinators in cooperation with IOM Finland.
IOM Finland supports regional anti-trafficking coordinators, NGOs, social workers, and SMA officers to plan and arrange Assisted voluntary return and reintegration (AVRR) in a safe, humane and sustainable manner. This support can for instance be:
- To inform the potential beneficiaries of the possibility of AVRR,
- To counsel them on the return process and on possibilities for reintegration
- To conduct assessments on risks, needs and health
- To arrange the beneficiaries’ travel, for instance help them to obtain a travel document, purchase flight tickets, and arrange an escort if necessary
- To provide transit and arrival assistance
- To provide each beneficiary with individually tailored reintegration support
The reintegration support and monitoring after the return are implemented in close cooperation with the local IOM missions and other actors in the countries of return. The returnee creates a reintegration plan suitable to her or his specific needs, with the help of these parties and with the coordination of IOM Finland. IOM stays in touch with each returnee for at least the duration of the reintegration process. IOM Finland also supports the beneficiaries’ access to justice. This can include, for example, informing the returnee of developments in the investigation or court proceedings concerning their trafficking case, or coordinating her or his participation in a trial in Sweden.
For more information, contact IOM Finland: AVRRTIPPSweden@iom.int
IOM Finland organizes the transportation for the refugees to the Nordic countries (except to Norway). This includes escorts and purchasing of clothes where needed. Before departure IOM carries out the “fitness to travel” check.
The scope of the programme is global. The programme is operated by field missions in the respective locations. IOM Finland is the programme manager.
IOM provides the services to quota refugees selected for resettlement under the framework agreement between IOM and the Swedish Migration Agency.
In July 2015 EU Member States agreed to relocate asylum seekers from Member States experiencing high migratory pressure, ie. Italy and Greece. IOM Finland handles the relocation to Finland and Sweden under the scheme.
At the end of 2017 a total of 2865 persons have been relocated to Sweden.
There are two kind of family reunification types – one that is realized in cooperation with agencies and another one for self-payers.
IOM Finland also provides travel arrangements and transit assistance for self-payers under the Family Reunification program.
The services provided include:
- assistance in obtaining exit permits
- immigration formalities and verification of travel documents
- provision of travel arrangements (international and domestic)
- transit assistance
Sweden’s support to IOM
In addition to the projects in the country, Sweden is also a donor to IOM’s international programmes. In 2017, Sweden contributed 15.9 million USD to IOM, the year before that the sum was more than the double: 33 million USD. Sweden is one of the countries that support IOM’s core functions by contributing unallocated funds to the organization (6.1 million UDS in 2017). These are funds that IOM can use more freely than earmarked funds.
Other big activities supported were humanitarian support, diaspora projects and the CREST programme, which supports the ethical recruitment of migrant workers.
In 2016 Sweden constributed almost 17.8 million USD to the joint support mechanism for Emerging Resettlement Countries, which has been funded to support countries that are starting their resettlement programmes. Much of the support in that year also went to humanitarian aid.
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